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frugal technology, simple living and guerrilla large-appliance repair
Tue, 18 Apr 2017

How to 'hold' a package in Ubuntu and prevent it from being updated

I am using the unison in Ubuntu 14.04 (Unison 2.40) in my Windows Subsystem for Linux-supplied Ubuntu 16.04 (which updated the package to Unison 2.48) because my server is running Unison 2.40, and I forgot that an apt upgrade will replace the .deb I downloaded from the 14.04 repository with whatever is in 16.04.

When I tried to do a unison sync, I got an error.

How do you put a package "on hold" in Ubuntu? It's easy.

First I removed the "new" unison:

$ sudo apt remove unison

Then I installed my "old" one (which I had previously downloaded from the Ubuntu archive):

$ sudo dpkg -i unison_2.40.102-2ubuntu1_amd64.deb

Now I put the package "on hold":

$ sudo apt-mark hold unison

That's it.

Here is the output now for sudo apt update:

$ sudo apt upgrade
[sudo] password for steven:
Reading package lists... Done
[sudo] password for steven:
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
Calculating upgrade... Done
The following packages have been kept back:
0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 1 not upgraded.